Oregon's Permaculture Networking Site in Corvallis, OR
MIXED FRUIT FOREST GARDEN – Diversity of fruit and nut trees planted on contour with productive understory: Apple, Pear, Cherry, Peach, Plum, Fig, Persimmon, Chestnut, English Walnut, Mulberry, Quince. The soil in this area needs major improvement to support a crop and will need to be built up over time: Excavate large trenches and fill with tree thinnings and prunings over time, then cover with soil (Hugelkultur), and plant intensive soil conditioning crops throughout area over a period of years before planting valuable crops
BAMBOO GROVE – Bamboo forest planted in this low basin. Diverse varieties for building materials, shoot production for food, and biomass for soil improvement. Utilize slough for bamboo curing.
DUCK POND – Runoff from barn, field, roads, paths, and buildings directed through swales to duck pond. Clay lining or other material or method will be needed for the pond to hold water. Overflow spills into contoured fruit and nut orchard below.
FENCED ANIMAL AREA – Placed over septic tank and leach lines, can be planted with pasture grasses for forage. Movable fencing can be used to rotate animals within lager fenced area, and goats moved throughout the property with movable electric fencing to control blackberry and other weed growth. Chicken forage and goat browse plants included in hedges and plantings within the fence: Mulberry, Currant, Salmonberry, Oregon Ash, Willow. Ducks and chickens can be rotated periodically into adjacent mixed fruit and nut orchard and adjacent home garden areas.
HAZELNUT ORCHARD – For the economic viability of the project, it makes the most sense to plant Hazelnuts in a regular pattern, rows spaced 20 feet apart, without an under story for ease of mechanization using standard equipment. Plant trees in rows at 10’ spacing, and then thin to 20’ spacing in 12-15 years. Soil improving cover crops can be planted during initial establishment of trees before the first harvest, and later in the rows at intervals throughout the year, but should be mowed or removed for ease of mechanization at harvest. Many neighbors grow Hazelnuts, so the equipment, skills and processing infrastructure are locally available. They can be grown organically, with possible extra sorting fees from the processor. The monoculture block could be broken by placing a diverse habitat strip in its middle